About 100 years after the fall of the Selçuk Sultanate of Rûm in 1307, the Ottomans conquered Konya and ruled for 500 years. Many different mosques and buildings stand in the city as evidence of their legacy.
Just outside the exit of the Mevlâna Museum is the Selimiye Camii. It was built by Sultan Selim II when he was governor of Konya as a gift to his father, Süleyman the Magnificent. It was finished around 1570. The Yusuf Ağa Kütüphanesi, a small library, was built as an addition to the mosque in 1795. Unfortunately for me, the interior of the mosque was undergoing restoration during my visit.
Not too far away is Mengüc Caddesi, where there are some nicely restored Ottoman homes. Many of them are now used as shops or restaurants.
The Aziziye Camii was my next stop. It was built in 1676 by Damat Mustafa Paşa and rebuilt in 1875 in a Baroque-Rococo style by Pertevniyal, mother of Sultan Abdülaziz, after a fire. Some interesting features stated on the info plaque: there are no columns inside and all the windows are larger than the doors. It, too, was undergoing heavy restoration and closed to visitors, so I had to admire it from the outside. Click here for a virtual tour.
A short walk to Mevlana Caddesi took me to the local government building, the Konya Valiliği, and the post office. Both were built in the late 19th century.
Across the street is another historic mosque, the Şerafettin Camii. It was first built in the 13th century by Şeyh Şerafettin. In 1636, it was destroyed and rebuilt using its own material by Mehmet Çavuşoğlu Memi Bey. Click here for a virtual tour.
As I walked around Alâeddin Tepesi to get to some of the Selçuk monuments, I passed the Aziz Paulus Kilisesi, a small Catholic church built in 1910. I was a bit surprised to see a church in such a conservative Muslim city, but Konya, formerly Iconium, does have a prominent role in Christian history as well. St. Paul and St. Barnabas preached there around 47 AD, and St. Thekla was probably born there. Empress Helena (St. Helen) also passed through the city on her way to Jerusalem.
Near the church I got to see some of the more modern parts of Konya.