The Muradiye Külliyesi is a mosque complex built by Ottoman Sultan Murat II, father of Fatih Sultan Mehmet (Mehmet the Conqueror). It was completed during his reign from 1421-1451. It contains a mosque, medrese, hamam, soup kitchen, and 12 tombs belonging to the Sultan’s family. It’s part of Bursa’s UNESCO World Heritage listing.
In 1426, the mosque, Muradiye Camii, was the first part of the complex completed. It has two minarets and a şadırvan (ablutions fountain) on the outside. The interior is decorated with blue tiles along the wall. Stained glass windows and a beautiful chandelier adorn the prayer hall.
The II. Murat Medresesi was completed shortly after the mosque. It’s used today as a cancer treatment center, the Döne Ocak Kanser Erken Tanı Merkezi.
The II. Murat Hamamı sits to the west of the complex. The former Turkish bath is currently used as a cultural and educational center.
The 12 tombs sit in a quiet and peaceful section at the back of the complex, built between the mid-1400s to late 1500s, all containing members of the Ottoman dynasty. They’re surrounded by tall trees and connected with a cobblestone path. Only two of the tombs were open to the public during my visits. There’s also a cemetery behind the tombs.
The most important tomb is that of Murat II (1404-1451). It’s a very simple tomb – a stone coffin covered with dirt. This is very unusual for a tomb of an Ottoman Sultan, which is usually ornate.
An additional four tombs are included in an annex to the tomb of Murat II. They hold the remains of his sons, Şehzade Alaaddin, Şehzade Orhan, and Şehzade Ahmet; and his daughter, Hatun.
The other tomb open to the public is the Şehzade Ahmet Türbesi. It was built in 1513 by Bülbül Hatun, a wife of Beyazıt II and the mother of Şehzade Ahmet. Şehzade Ahmet was murdered by his brother and rival to the throne, Yavuz Sultan Selim. Bülbül Hatun is also buried inside along with a few others.
On one of the days I visited, a street market was located outside of the complex. I was able to find several varieties of fresh fruits and vegetables for very low prices. The market was set among a mix of old Ottoman homes and modern buildings. It’s a great opportunity to witness everyday life in Bursa.