The Ottomans left their mark on Kos, ruling for nearly 400 years. While walking around the old town, there are a few scattered remnants of Ottoman occupation.
The most easily spotted Turkish structures come in the form of four mosques. The first, Defterdar Camii, is a red domed mosque with a tall minaret that sits on Eleftherias Square, the main square in Kos Town. It’s now used as a souvenir shop and café.
The next mosque is the Gazi Hasan Paşa Camii, or the Lotzias Mosque. It was built in 1786 next to the Tree of Hippocrates (see Kos Town). The mosque is rectangular shaped with two floors. It was in use until 1933 and is now closed and remains unused. Near the mosque is an old Turkish hamam.
The şadırvan (ablutions fountain) of the mosque is next to the Tree of Hippocrates. It contains an inscription in Arabic script that reads “Water of Hippocrates”. On June 11, 1821, around 90 Greeks were hanged there by the Ottoman Turkish governor in retaliation for supporting the Greek uprising against the Ottoman Empire. Hundreds more were beheaded around the island.
The third mosque, Rifat Efendi Camii, is located in the old town and is a little tough to spot. It has an inscription with the Ottoman tuğra. If you look up, you might be able to see the small dome.
Finally, the Atik Camii is a small mosque that was built in 1892 and is still in use. It’s located near the Western Excavation Area and is without a minaret.