Nesebur (also spelled Nessebar and Nesebar) is one of the biggest tourist destinations in Bulgaria. This small UNESCO World Heritage listed town is situated on a peninsula in the Black Sea connected by a tiny artificial isthmus and is known for its high concentration of Medieval churches.
Nesebur was settled by the Thracians over 3,000 years ago as Menebria and later became the important ancient Greek colony of Mesembria (Μεσήμβρια) until the Romans took over in 71 BC. During Byzantine rule, it was one of the most important cities on the Black Sea. The city changed hands between the Bulgarians and Byzantines a few times between 812 and 1453 when the Ottomans conquered it, and during this period is when the majority of the famous churches were built.
The town was liberated from Ottoman rule in 1885 and united with Bulgaria. At the end of the 19th century, it was a small fishing village populated by Greeks that slowly developed into an important resort town.
Nesebur is an easy day trip from the city of Burgas and the nearby resort city of Sunny Beach, which can be see from the town. Buses run the route between Nesebur and both cities, and water taxis can be taken to Sunny Beach.
The bus to Burgas takes about 30 minutes. I was dropped off in the modern town, about a 10 minute walk from the ancient peninsula. Heading back, I took a Burgas-bound bus and got off in Pomorie (15 min.).
A fast ferry can take passengers between Nesebur and the other seaside towns of Pomorie (30 min.) and Sozopol (40 min.). Click here for more details.
There’s no need for local transportation in Nesebur. Everything worth seeing is on the ancient peninsula, and you can walk from one end to the other in just a few minutes.
For lunch, I ate delicious Black Sea mussels at Neptun, which overlooks the sea.