Shumen Fortress

Shumen wasn’t always located where it is today. Since being settled in the 12th century BC, the city consisted of a fortress on a hill three kilometers west of present day Shumen. It has been used by the Thracians, Romans, Byzantines, Bulgars, and Ottomans. In 1444, the Ottomans had the fortress destroyed and the town moved to its current location.

Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

Shumen Fortress

Nowadays, the remains of the Medieval fortress is an open-air museum and archaeological site. It’s possible to visit and wander through the narrow streets.

Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

Shumen Fortress

Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

Shumen Fortress

The site is clearly marked in Bulgarian and English, so visitors actually know what they’re looking at while walking through. It’s possible to see the foundations of churches, baptistries, Roman roads, and more.

Church at Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

Church

Some of the outer walls and a watchtower have been reconstructed, giving a visitor an idea of what the fortress may have looked like before it was destroyed.

Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

Shumen Fortress

Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

Shumen Fortress

Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

Shumen Fortress

There are also excellent views of Shumen and the surrounding area.

View from Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria

View from Shumen Fortress

The fortress is open daily and charges a small admission fee.

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